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Review Article 


Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea

Karsten Münstedt.

Abstract
Aim: To identify the various recommendations in various books on apitherapy and compare these to other methods from alternative and complementary medicine in order to determine whether apitherapy is the treatment of choice for patients with primary dysmenorrhoea.
Methods: Books were identified and analysed and recommendations were summarised. Afterwards, a literature search was performed regarding the evidence of bee products and dysmenorrhoea. Then, the recommendations from alternative and complementary medicines were compared to the results of the first analysis.
Results: In total, 27 out of 70 books on apitherapy recommended bee products for primary dysmenorrhoea. In these 27 books, 15 different recommendations were found. However, only the recommendations of one author matched the current evidence which shows that royal jelly and honey are able to improve primary dysmenorrhoea. Comparison to other methods from alternative and complementary medicine showed that evidence of some methods is much better than the evidence for apitherapy, meaning that apitherapy may not be considered the treatment of choice.
Conclusion: Treatment recommendations of apitherapy are contradictory, inconsistent and mostly not evidence-based. If the Apimondia, the International Federation of Beekeepers' Associations, really wants to promote scientifically sound information, they should consider including scientists on the board of the committee on apitherapy who do not promote unproven methods.

Key words: Apitherapy, dysmenorrhoea, honey, royal jelly, gynaecology


 
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Pubmed Style

Karsten Munstedt. Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea. J Apither. 2018; 3(1): 9-16. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943


Web Style

Karsten Munstedt. Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea. http://www.japitherapy.com/?mno=278166 [Access: May 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Karsten Munstedt. Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea. J Apither. 2018; 3(1): 9-16. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Karsten Munstedt. Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea. J Apither. (2018), [cited May 21, 2018]; 3(1): 9-16. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943



Harvard Style

Karsten Munstedt (2018) Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea. J Apither, 3 (1), 9-16. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943



Turabian Style

Karsten Munstedt. 2018. Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea. Journal of Apitherapy, 3 (1), 9-16. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943



Chicago Style

Karsten Munstedt. "Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea." Journal of Apitherapy 3 (2018), 9-16. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Karsten Munstedt. "Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea." Journal of Apitherapy 3.1 (2018), 9-16. Print. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Karsten Munstedt (2018) Meaningfulness of Apitherapeutic Approaches Using the Example of Primary Dysmenorrhoea. Journal of Apitherapy, 3 (1), 9-16. doi:10.5455/ja.20170917090943





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